sunxi: nand: Add basic sunxi NAND driver for SPL with DMA support
authorPiotr Zierhoffer <pzierhoffer@antmicro.com>
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 12:33:02 +0000 (14:33 +0200)
committerLothar Waßmann <LW@KARO-electronics.de>
Thu, 10 Sep 2015 06:17:39 +0000 (08:17 +0200)
This driver adds NAND support to SPL.
It was tested on Allwinner A20.

Signed-off-by: Peter Gielda <pgielda@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Tomasz Gorochowik <tgorochowik@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Mateusz Holenko <mholenko@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Piotr Zierhoffer <pzierhoffer@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Karol Gugala <kgugala@antmicro.com>
Acked-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
drivers/mtd/nand/sunxi_nand_spl.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index 347ea62..b40dda8 100644 (file)
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ NORMAL_DRIVERS=y
 endif
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_NAND_AM33XX_BCH) += am335x_spl_bch.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_NAND_SUNXI) += sunxi_nand_spl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_NAND_DENALI) += denali_spl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_NAND_DOCG4) += docg4_spl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_NAND_SIMPLE) += nand_spl_simple.o
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/sunxi_nand_spl.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/sunxi_nand_spl.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..ac5f56d
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,353 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015, Antmicro Ltd <www.antmicro.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2015, AW-SOM Technologies <www.aw-som.com>
+ *
+ * SPDX-License-Identifier:     GPL-2.0+
+ */
+
+#include <common.h>
+#include <config.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <nand.h>
+
+/* registers */
+#define NFC_CTL                    0x00000000
+#define NFC_ST                     0x00000004
+#define NFC_INT                    0x00000008
+#define NFC_TIMING_CTL             0x0000000C
+#define NFC_TIMING_CFG             0x00000010
+#define NFC_ADDR_LOW               0x00000014
+#define NFC_ADDR_HIGH              0x00000018
+#define NFC_SECTOR_NUM             0x0000001C
+#define NFC_CNT                    0x00000020
+#define NFC_CMD                    0x00000024
+#define NFC_RCMD_SET               0x00000028
+#define NFC_WCMD_SET               0x0000002C
+#define NFC_IO_DATA                0x00000030
+#define NFC_ECC_CTL                0x00000034
+#define NFC_ECC_ST                 0x00000038
+#define NFC_DEBUG                  0x0000003C
+#define NFC_ECC_CNT0               0x00000040
+#define NFC_ECC_CNT1               0x00000044
+#define NFC_ECC_CNT2               0x00000048
+#define NFC_ECC_CNT3               0x0000004C
+#define NFC_USER_DATA_BASE         0x00000050
+#define NFC_EFNAND_STATUS          0x00000090
+#define NFC_SPARE_AREA             0x000000A0
+#define NFC_PATTERN_ID             0x000000A4
+#define NFC_RAM0_BASE              0x00000400
+#define NFC_RAM1_BASE              0x00000800
+
+#define NFC_CTL_EN                 (1 << 0)
+#define NFC_CTL_RESET              (1 << 1)
+#define NFC_CTL_RAM_METHOD         (1 << 14)
+
+
+#define NFC_ECC_EN                 (1 << 0)
+#define NFC_ECC_PIPELINE           (1 << 3)
+#define NFC_ECC_EXCEPTION          (1 << 4)
+#define NFC_ECC_BLOCK_SIZE         (1 << 5)
+#define NFC_ECC_RANDOM_EN          (1 << 9)
+#define NFC_ECC_RANDOM_DIRECTION   (1 << 10)
+
+
+#define NFC_ADDR_NUM_OFFSET        16
+#define NFC_SEND_ADR               (1 << 19)
+#define NFC_ACCESS_DIR             (1 << 20)
+#define NFC_DATA_TRANS             (1 << 21)
+#define NFC_SEND_CMD1              (1 << 22)
+#define NFC_WAIT_FLAG              (1 << 23)
+#define NFC_SEND_CMD2              (1 << 24)
+#define NFC_SEQ                    (1 << 25)
+#define NFC_DATA_SWAP_METHOD       (1 << 26)
+#define NFC_ROW_AUTO_INC           (1 << 27)
+#define NFC_SEND_CMD3              (1 << 28)
+#define NFC_SEND_CMD4              (1 << 29)
+
+#define NFC_CMD_INT_FLAG           (1 << 1)
+
+#define NFC_READ_CMD_OFFSET         0
+#define NFC_RANDOM_READ_CMD0_OFFSET 8
+#define NFC_RANDOM_READ_CMD1_OFFSET 16
+
+#define NFC_CMD_RNDOUTSTART        0xE0
+#define NFC_CMD_RNDOUT             0x05
+#define NFC_CMD_READSTART          0x30
+
+
+#define NFC_PAGE_CMD               (2 << 30)
+
+#define SUNXI_DMA_CFG_REG0              0x300
+#define SUNXI_DMA_SRC_START_ADDR_REG0   0x304
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DEST_START_ADDRR_REG0 0x308
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_BC_REG0          0x30C
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG0        0x318
+
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_LOADING  (1 << 31)
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_DEST_DATA_WIDTH_32 (2 << 25)
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_SRC_DATA_WIDTH_32 (2 << 9)
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_SRC_ADDR_MODE_IO (1 << 5)
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DDMA_SRC_DRQ_TYPE_NFC (3 << 0)
+
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG_SRC_WAIT_CYC (0x0F << 0)
+#define SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG_SRC_BLK_SIZE (0x7F << 8)
+
+/* minimal "boot0" style NAND support for Allwinner A20 */
+
+/* temporary buffer in internal ram */
+unsigned char temp_buf[CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE]
+       __aligned(0x10) __section(".text#");
+
+/* random seed used by linux */
+const uint16_t random_seed[128] = {
+       0x2b75, 0x0bd0, 0x5ca3, 0x62d1, 0x1c93, 0x07e9, 0x2162, 0x3a72,
+       0x0d67, 0x67f9, 0x1be7, 0x077d, 0x032f, 0x0dac, 0x2716, 0x2436,
+       0x7922, 0x1510, 0x3860, 0x5287, 0x480f, 0x4252, 0x1789, 0x5a2d,
+       0x2a49, 0x5e10, 0x437f, 0x4b4e, 0x2f45, 0x216e, 0x5cb7, 0x7130,
+       0x2a3f, 0x60e4, 0x4dc9, 0x0ef0, 0x0f52, 0x1bb9, 0x6211, 0x7a56,
+       0x226d, 0x4ea7, 0x6f36, 0x3692, 0x38bf, 0x0c62, 0x05eb, 0x4c55,
+       0x60f4, 0x728c, 0x3b6f, 0x2037, 0x7f69, 0x0936, 0x651a, 0x4ceb,
+       0x6218, 0x79f3, 0x383f, 0x18d9, 0x4f05, 0x5c82, 0x2912, 0x6f17,
+       0x6856, 0x5938, 0x1007, 0x61ab, 0x3e7f, 0x57c2, 0x542f, 0x4f62,
+       0x7454, 0x2eac, 0x7739, 0x42d4, 0x2f90, 0x435a, 0x2e52, 0x2064,
+       0x637c, 0x66ad, 0x2c90, 0x0bad, 0x759c, 0x0029, 0x0986, 0x7126,
+       0x1ca7, 0x1605, 0x386a, 0x27f5, 0x1380, 0x6d75, 0x24c3, 0x0f8e,
+       0x2b7a, 0x1418, 0x1fd1, 0x7dc1, 0x2d8e, 0x43af, 0x2267, 0x7da3,
+       0x4e3d, 0x1338, 0x50db, 0x454d, 0x764d, 0x40a3, 0x42e6, 0x262b,
+       0x2d2e, 0x1aea, 0x2e17, 0x173d, 0x3a6e, 0x71bf, 0x25f9, 0x0a5d,
+       0x7c57, 0x0fbe, 0x46ce, 0x4939, 0x6b17, 0x37bb, 0x3e91, 0x76db,
+};
+
+/* random seed used for syndrome calls */
+const uint16_t random_seed_syndrome = 0x4a80;
+
+#define MAX_RETRIES 10
+
+static int check_value_inner(int offset, int expected_bits,
+                               int max_number_of_retries, int negation)
+{
+       int retries = 0;
+       do {
+               int val = readl(offset) & expected_bits;
+               if (negation ? !val : val)
+                       return 1;
+               mdelay(1);
+               retries++;
+       } while (retries < max_number_of_retries);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int check_value(int offset, int expected_bits,
+                               int max_number_of_retries)
+{
+       return check_value_inner(offset, expected_bits,
+                                       max_number_of_retries, 0);
+}
+
+static inline int check_value_negated(int offset, int unexpected_bits,
+                                       int max_number_of_retries)
+{
+       return check_value_inner(offset, unexpected_bits,
+                                       max_number_of_retries, 1);
+}
+
+void nand_init(void)
+{
+       uint32_t val;
+
+       val = readl(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CTL);
+       /* enable and reset CTL */
+       writel(val | NFC_CTL_EN | NFC_CTL_RESET,
+              SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CTL);
+
+       if (!check_value_negated(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CTL,
+                                NFC_CTL_RESET, MAX_RETRIES)) {
+               printf("Couldn't initialize nand\n");
+       }
+}
+
+static void nand_read_page(unsigned int real_addr, int syndrome,
+                          uint32_t *ecc_errors)
+{
+       uint32_t val;
+       int ecc_off = 0;
+       uint16_t ecc_mode = 0;
+       uint16_t rand_seed;
+       uint32_t page;
+       uint16_t column;
+       uint32_t oob_offset;
+
+       switch (CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_STRENGTH) {
+       case 16:
+               ecc_mode = 0;
+               ecc_off = 0x20;
+               break;
+       case 24:
+               ecc_mode = 1;
+               ecc_off = 0x2e;
+               break;
+       case 28:
+               ecc_mode = 2;
+               ecc_off = 0x32;
+               break;
+       case 32:
+               ecc_mode = 3;
+               ecc_off = 0x3c;
+               break;
+       case 40:
+               ecc_mode = 4;
+               ecc_off = 0x4a;
+               break;
+       case 48:
+               ecc_mode = 4;
+               ecc_off = 0x52;
+               break;
+       case 56:
+               ecc_mode = 4;
+               ecc_off = 0x60;
+               break;
+       case 60:
+               ecc_mode = 4;
+               ecc_off = 0x0;
+               break;
+       case 64:
+               ecc_mode = 4;
+               ecc_off = 0x0;
+               break;
+       default:
+               ecc_mode = 0;
+               ecc_off = 0;
+       }
+
+       if (ecc_off == 0) {
+               printf("Unsupported ECC strength (%d)!\n",
+                      CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_STRENGTH);
+               return;
+       }
+
+       /* clear temp_buf */
+       memset(temp_buf, 0, CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE);
+
+       /* set CMD  */
+       writel(NFC_SEND_CMD1 | NFC_WAIT_FLAG | NAND_CMD_RESET,
+              SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CMD);
+
+       if (!check_value(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ST, NFC_CMD_INT_FLAG,
+                        MAX_RETRIES)) {
+               printf("Error while initilizing command interrupt\n");
+               return;
+       }
+
+       page = real_addr / CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_PAGE_SIZE;
+       column = real_addr % CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_PAGE_SIZE;
+
+       if (syndrome)
+               column += (column / CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE)
+                       * ecc_off;
+
+       /* clear ecc status */
+       writel(0, SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ECC_ST);
+
+       /* Choose correct seed */
+       if (syndrome)
+               rand_seed = random_seed_syndrome;
+       else
+               rand_seed = random_seed[page % 128];
+
+       writel((rand_seed << 16) | NFC_ECC_RANDOM_EN | NFC_ECC_EN
+               | NFC_ECC_PIPELINE | (ecc_mode << 12),
+               SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ECC_CTL);
+
+       val = readl(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CTL);
+       writel(val | NFC_CTL_RAM_METHOD, SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CTL);
+
+       if (syndrome) {
+               writel(CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE,
+                      SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_SPARE_AREA);
+       } else {
+               oob_offset = CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_PAGE_SIZE
+                       + (column / CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE)
+                       * ecc_off;
+               writel(oob_offset, SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_SPARE_AREA);
+       }
+
+       /* SUNXI_DMA */
+       writel(0x0, SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_CFG_REG0); /* clr dma cmd */
+       /* read from REG_IO_DATA */
+       writel(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_IO_DATA,
+              SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_SRC_START_ADDR_REG0);
+       /* read to RAM */
+       writel((uint32_t)temp_buf,
+              SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_DEST_START_ADDRR_REG0);
+       writel(SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG_SRC_WAIT_CYC
+                       | SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG_SRC_BLK_SIZE,
+                       SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_PARA_REG0);
+       writel(CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE,
+              SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_BC_REG0); /* 1kB */
+       writel(SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_LOADING
+               | SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_DEST_DATA_WIDTH_32
+               | SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_SRC_DATA_WIDTH_32
+               | SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DMA_SRC_ADDR_MODE_IO
+               | SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_DDMA_SRC_DRQ_TYPE_NFC,
+               SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_CFG_REG0);
+
+       writel((NFC_CMD_RNDOUTSTART << NFC_RANDOM_READ_CMD1_OFFSET)
+               | (NFC_CMD_RNDOUT << NFC_RANDOM_READ_CMD0_OFFSET)
+               | (NFC_CMD_READSTART | NFC_READ_CMD_OFFSET), SUNXI_NFC_BASE
+                       + NFC_RCMD_SET);
+       writel(1, SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_SECTOR_NUM);
+       writel(((page & 0xFFFF) << 16) | column,
+              SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ADDR_LOW);
+       writel((page >> 16) & 0xFF, SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ADDR_HIGH);
+       writel(NFC_SEND_CMD1 | NFC_SEND_CMD2 | NFC_DATA_TRANS |
+               NFC_PAGE_CMD | NFC_WAIT_FLAG | (4 << NFC_ADDR_NUM_OFFSET) |
+               NFC_SEND_ADR | NFC_DATA_SWAP_METHOD | (syndrome ? NFC_SEQ : 0),
+               SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_CMD);
+
+       if (!check_value(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ST, (1 << 2),
+                        MAX_RETRIES)) {
+               printf("Error while initializing dma interrupt\n");
+               return;
+       }
+
+       if (!check_value_negated(SUNXI_DMA_BASE + SUNXI_DMA_CFG_REG0,
+                                SUNXI_DMA_DDMA_CFG_REG_LOADING, MAX_RETRIES)) {
+               printf("Error while waiting for dma transfer to finish\n");
+               return;
+       }
+
+       if (readl(SUNXI_NFC_BASE + NFC_ECC_ST))
+               (*ecc_errors)++;
+}
+
+int nand_spl_load_image(uint32_t offs, unsigned int size, void *dest)
+{
+       void *current_dest;
+       uint32_t count;
+       uint32_t current_count;
+       uint32_t ecc_errors = 0;
+
+       memset(dest, 0x0, size); /* clean destination memory */
+       for (current_dest = dest;
+                       current_dest < (dest + size);
+                       current_dest += CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE) {
+               nand_read_page(offs, offs
+                               < CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_SYNDROME_PARTITIONS_END,
+                              &ecc_errors);
+               count = current_dest - dest;
+
+               if (size - count > CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE)
+                       current_count = CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE;
+               else
+                       current_count = size - count;
+
+               memcpy(current_dest,
+                      temp_buf,
+                      current_count);
+               offs += CONFIG_NAND_SUNXI_SPL_ECC_PAGE_SIZE;
+       }
+       return ecc_errors ? -1 : 0;
+}
+
+void nand_deselect(void) {}